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Aapt

AAPT 的帮助信息

执行上述命令,会在控制台打出相应aapt的信息:

Android Asset Packaging Tool

Usage:
 aapt l[ist] [-v] [-a] file.{zip,jar,apk}
   List contents of Zip-compatible archive.

 aapt d[ump] WHAT file.{apk} [asset [asset ...]]
   badging          Print the label and icon for the app declared in APK.
   permissions      Print the permissions from the APK.
   resources        Print the resource table from the APK.
   configurations   Print the configurations in the APK.
   xmltree          Print the compiled xmls in the given assets.
   xmlstrings       Print the strings of the given compiled xml assets.

 aapt p[ackage] [-f][-u][-m][-v][-x][-M AndroidManifest.xml] /
        [-0 extension [-0 extension ...]] /
        [-I base-package [-I base-package ...]] /
        [-A asset-source-dir] [-P public-definitions-file] /
        [-S resource-sources] [-F apk-file] [-J R-file-dir] /
        [raw-files-dir [raw-files-dir] ...]

   Package the android resources.  It will read assets and resources that are
   supplied with the -M -A -S or raw-files-dir arguments.  The -J -P -F and -R
   options control which files are output.

 aapt r[emove] [-v] file.{zip,jar,apk} file1 [file2 ...]
   Delete specified files from Zip-compatible archive.

 aapt a[dd] [-v] file.{zip,jar,apk} file1 [file2 ...]
   Add specified files to Zip-compatible archive.

 aapt v[ersion]
   Print program version.

 Modifiers:
   -a  print Android-specific data (resources, manifest) when listing
   -c  specify which configurations to include.  The default is all
       configurations.  The value of the parameter should be a comma
       separated list of configuration values.  Locales should be specified
       as either a language or language-region pair.  Some examples:
            en
            port,en
            port,land,en_US
       If you put the special locale, zz_ZZ on the list, it will perform
       pseudolocalization on the default locale, modifying all of the
       strings so you can look for strings that missed the
       internationalization process.  For example:
            port,land,zz_ZZ
   -d  one or more device assets to include, separated by commas
   -f  force overwrite of existing files
   -j  specify a jar or zip file containing classes to include
   -m  make package directories under location specified by -J
   -u  update existing packages (add new, replace older, remove deleted files)
   -v  verbose output
   -x  create extending (non-application) resource IDs
   -z  require localization of resource attributes marked with
       localization="suggested"
   -A  additional directory in which to find raw asset files
   -F  specify the apk file to output
   -I  add an existing package to base include set
   -J  specify where to output R.java resource constant definitions
   -M  specify full path to AndroidManifest.xml to include in zip
   -P  specify where to output public resource definitions
   -S  directory in which to find resources
   -0  specifies an additional extension for which such files will not
       be stored compressed in the .apk.  An empty string means to not
       compress any files at all.

根据以上帮助信息,用aapt可以使用以下操作:

查看AAPT的版本

 ./aapt v

得到当前工具的版本:

Android Asset Packaging Tool, v0.2

使用AAPT列出资源包(.apk)文件列表

 aapt l[ist] [-v] [-a] file.{zip,jar,apk}
   List contents of Zip-compatible archive.

可以用命令查看系统资源包的内容:

./aapt l framework-res.apk
META-INF/MANIFEST.MF
META-INF/CERT.SF
META-INF/CERT.RSA
AndroidManifest.xml
assets/images/android_320x480.png
assets/images/boot_robot.png
assets/images/boot_robot_glow.png

...

assets/webkit/youtube.html
assets/webkit/youtube.png
res/anim/accelerate_decelerate_interpolator.xml
res/anim/accelerate_interpolator.xml
res/anim/app_starting_exit.xml

...

res/raw-de/loaderror.html
res/raw-de/nodomain.html
res/raw/fallbackring.ogg
res/raw/loaderror.html
res/raw/nodomain.html
res/xml-en/autotext.xml
res/xml/apns.xml
res/xml/autotext.xml
res/xml/preferred_time_zones.xml
res/xml/time_zones_by_country.xml
resources.arsc

如果采用-v选项,会将所有文件的详细信息打印出来:

Archive:  framework-res.apk
 Length   Method    Size  Ratio   Date   Time   CRC-32    Name
--------  ------  ------- -----   ----   ----   ------    ----
   76217  Deflate   25576  66%  04-16-08 07:40  3b7140fa  META-INF/MANIFEST.MF
   76259  Deflate   25706  66%  04-16-08 07:40  a21d76be  META-INF/CERT.SF
    1714  Deflate    1156  33%  04-16-08 07:40  ca66d55e  META-INF/CERT.RSA
   31768  Deflate    5556  83%  01-16-09 12:04  8c137ee8  AndroidManifest.xml
    3098  Stored     3098   0%  01-15-09 23:16  ed1132c9  assets/images/android_320x480.png
    1001  Stored     1001   0%  01-15-09 23:16  c53ad035  assets/images/boot_robot.png
    2083  Stored     2083   0%  01-15-09 23:16  12acc29d  assets/images/boot_robot_glow.png

... ...

     340  Deflate     155  54%  01-16-09 12:04  cc2ad7f2  res/anim/accelerate_decelerate_interpolator.xml
     368  Deflate     179  51%  01-16-09 12:04  c94b9323  res/anim/accelerate_interpolator.xml
     568  Deflate     260  54%  01-16-09 12:04  e0972304  res/anim/app_starting_exit.xml

... ...

     605  Deflate     296  51%  01-15-09 23:16  88710568  res/raw-de/loaderror.html
     996  Deflate     471  53%  01-15-09 23:16  c42ea004  res/raw-de/nodomain.html
   10975  Stored    10975   0%  01-15-09 23:16  21dc2fce  res/raw/fallbackring.ogg
     579  Deflate     282  51%  01-15-09 23:16  11c56b88  res/raw/loaderror.html
     890  Deflate     418  53%  01-15-09 23:16  393cf037  res/raw/nodomain.html
   25588  Deflate    5051  80%  01-16-09 12:04  cf7826df  res/xml-en/autotext.xml
     164  Deflate      97  41%  01-16-09 12:04  ee886635  res/xml/apns.xml
     116  Deflate      59  49%  01-16-09 12:04  885f246d  res/xml/autotext.xml
     864  Deflate     312  64%  01-16-09 12:04  65ad9d7e  res/xml/preferred_time_zones.xml
   61044  Deflate   11755  81%  01-16-09 12:04  0bc79a58  res/xml/time_zones_by_country.xml
  747776  Stored   747776   0%  01-16-09 12:04  98f996b3  resources.arsc
--------          -------  ---                            -------
 2246729          1774656  21%                            851 files

如果采用-a选项,会在上述文件列表之后,打印出android使用的符号表:

Resource table:
mError=0x0 (Success)
Package Groups (1)
Package Group 0 id=1 packageCount=1 name=android
  Package 0 id=1 name=android typeCount=13
    type 0 configCount=1 entryCount=599
      spec resource 0x01010000 android:attr/theme: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010001 android:attr/label: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010002 android:attr/icon: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010003 android:attr/name: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010004 android:attr/manageSpaceActivity: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010005 android:attr/allowClearUserData: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010006 android:attr/permission: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010007 android:attr/readPermission: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010008 android:attr/writePermission: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x01010009 android:attr/protectionLevel: flags=0x40000000
      spec resource 0x0101000a android:attr/permissionGroup: flags=0x40000000
... ...

这些符号表的格式还需要进一步研究才能搞明白 -_-!

使用AAPT打包资源文件

使用以下命令查看android的build系统是如何打包framework-res模块的:

cd ~/android/src
make -n --debug framework-res

以下是从输出提取的关键步骤:

\1. 第一步,生成资源apk包,由以下命令完成:

out/host/linux-x86/bin/aapt package -z -u -x  -M frameworks/base/core/res/AndroidManifest.xml -S frameworks/base/core/res/res
 -A frameworks/base/core/res/assets  -F out/target/product/generic/obj/APPS/framework-res_intermediates/package.apk

\2. 第二步,为生成的资源包做签名:

java -jar out/host/linux-x86/framework/signapk.jar build/target/product/security/platform.x509.pem build/target/product/secur
ity/platform.pk8 out/target/product/generic/obj/APPS/framework-res_intermediates/package.apk.unsigned out/target/product/gene
ric/obj/APPS/framework-res_intermediates/package.apk.signed

\3. 第三步,为生成的包做对齐处理:

out/host/linux-x86/bin/zipalign -f 4 out/target/product/generic/obj/APPS/framework-res_intermediates/package.apk.unaligned ou
t/target/product/generic/obj/APPS/framework-res_intermediates/package.apk.aligned

如此生成的framework-res.apk包可以被用来替换system.img中的资源包。(在CupCake前的稳定版本中测试可行)

具体步骤:

  1. 首先用生成的framework-res.apk替换在~/android/src/out/target/product/generic/system/framework中的同名文件。
  2. 用make snod生成新的system.img,替换sdk目录下的images/system.img
  3. 用-wipe-date参数启动emulator

使用AAPT解压资源包(.apk)

./aapt d xmltree framework-res.apk res/anim/fade_in.xml
N: android=http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android
  E: alpha (line=21)
    A: android:interpolator(0x01010141)=@0x10a0006
    A: android:duration(0x01010198)=(type 0x10)0x12c
    A: android:fromAlpha(0x010101ca)=(type 0x4)0x0
    A: android:toAlpha(0x010101cb)=(type 0x4)0x3f800000
./aapt d xmlstrings framework-res.apk res/anim/fade_in.xml
String #0: interpolator
String #1: fromAlpha
String #2: toAlpha
String #3: duration
String #4: android
String #5: http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android
String #6:
String #7: alpha

而没有经过编译的文件为:

<alpha xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
       android:interpolator="@anim/decelerate_interpolator"
       android:fromAlpha="0.0"
       android:toAlpha="1.0"
       android:duration="300" />

相应的R.java文件为:

package com.android.internal;

public final class R {
    public static final class anim {
        public static final int accelerate_decelerate_interpolator=0x010a0004;
        public static final int accelerate_interpolator=0x010a0005;
        public static final int app_starting_exit=0x010a0007;
        public static final int decelerate_interpolator=0x010a0006;
        public static final int dialog_enter=0x010a0008;
        public static final int dialog_exit=0x010a0009;
... ...

也可以从符号表中得到这些索引值:

resource 0x010a0006 android:anim/decelerate_interpolator: t=0x03 d=0x00001132 (s=0x0008 r=0x00) (PUBLIC)

配合系统预定的framework/base/core/res/res目录的模版,就可以重建/res文件.